Quick Helpful Tips When Operating the Cranes Safely
Cranes can be very useful in lifting and transporting heavy loads. However, their operations must be conducted by people who have the appropriate skills and knowledge about the principles of cranes, their movement, and elements that can affect their overall performance. Knowing all these aspects is crucial since one miscalculation during the operation can easily incur property damages and cost a lot of lives.
Given the danger of crane operations, project managers must ensure that all involved personnel must carry out the operations safely and optimally. They must also make sure that some crucial factors of the crane activity are checked and assessed. The following are some helpful tips that project managers must know and perform to ensure safe crane operations.
Site and Crane Inspection
Inspection of the work area, load, and the crane itself must be all done before operating the cranes. This process enables project managers and other personnel to point out issues and concerns that may get unnoticed during the crane operations.
Work area inspection must be done to assess if the ground can sustain the weight and overall movement of the crane. Tall structures, buildings, and power lines that may get into the way of cranes must also be checked and identified so crane operators can be immediately notified about these elements.
Inspecting the load, especially its weight, must also be done to ensure that it is within the capacity limit of the crane. Cranes that have wear, tear, and other damages must also be reported immediately and refrained from being used.
Follow Safe Working Load
The safe working load of a crane is calculated by dividing the minimum breaking strength of the crane to its safety factor. This element is vital to crane operations since it tells the maximum safe force that a crane can exert to lift, suspend, or lower a load without breaking. Following the safe working load of the crane can guarantee safety during operations.
Overloading or working beyond the safe working load may break the slings of the crane, which can cause fatal injuries and damages on the site. It would also be important for people to get away from the crane during operations to avoid getting injuries if ever something happens.
Regulate Crane Operations
Some contractors would love to speed up the process of crane operations. Doing this may save them time. However, it would be dangerous in some cases since the time needed for site and crane inspections is reduced or even ignored significantly. As a result, any damage or issue within the site or on the crane may be ignored as well.
Therefore, project managers as well as the contractors themselves must effectively regulate the time and duration of crane operations. Allocating the time for crane operations and inspections must be set out clearly so that the safety crane operations are still maximised. Aside from time, it would also be great if the people on the site will be from distractions. Regulating the policies during crane operations is important so that people will be more attentive and alert on their surroundings. Communication through signal lights, radios, or air horns must also be set for a more effective and safer crane operation.