Common Types of Cranes Used in Construction Projects

February 21, 2020

A crane is a machine comprised of hoist rope, wire ropes or chains, and sheaves to lift and lower materials. This machine can also move the material horizontally for it to reach certain areas of the site. Construction projects mostly use cranes to move and lift heavy construction materials. These construction materials are then transported to some parts of the construction site. 

The construction of buildings differs from each other. Some projects are only limited to constructing small buildings. There are some projects, on the other hand, that involve huge buildings that are often used as offices of known companies. Fortunately, there is a huge variety of crane types that are made for specific construction projects. 

You see, a specific crane must be used to finish a construction project. The physical characteristics and specifications of each type of cranes are modified according to the needs of a construction project. After all, all machines have their own limitations when it comes to workload and operating power. 

Crawler Cranes

Crawler cranes are cranes that are mounted on a set of tracks or treads for stability and mobility. Since these cranes are stable, their lifting action doesn’t require a lot of set-up process. With the help of their treads, or crawlers, crawler cranes can conveniently move around the site. One disadvantage of their crawlers, however, is their inability to travel on most roads. They even require other vehicles to deliver them on site. Most crawler cranes are used on underdeveloped lands.

Boom Cranes

Boom cranes, also known as picker trucks, are smaller and more mobile than other cranes. They are most useful in home construction. Despite their small form factor, boom cranes can still manage to lift heavy materials. They can also travel on roads and other types of terrains. The ability of boom cranes to fold their boom like a knuckle makes them suitable in compact areas. With the help of their large flatbed deck, boom cranes can handle and store materials that can certainly help in delivering materials.

All-Terrain Cranes

One of the largest cranes known to date is all-terrain cranes. They are truck-mounted cranes that can manoeuvre and move around rough terrain under any weather conditions. Even without road access, all-terrain cranes can still travel and move quickly. Aside from mobility, an all-terrain crane has a great lifting capacity of 75 to 500 tons thanks to its hydraulically powered telescopic boom. This lifting capacity makes them a great choice of heavy hauling and lifting applications. 

Rough Terrain Cranes

Rough terrain cranes are cranes that are mounted on an undercarriage for pick-and-carry operations. Their massive rubber tires and 4-wheel steering functionality makes them perfect for any construction projects with tight quarters and minimal site preparation. They are also suitable for construction areas with a hardly passable road. 

Cranes have different designs that are suitable for a specific workload, terrain, and site situation. To know more about cranes, you can contact us now at Adz Lift Crane Hire. We provide professional crane and rigging services based in Geelong.