Basic Lifting and Rigging Guidelines for Safe Crane Operations
Crane operations must be safely conducted to avoid damaging any nearby structures. They must also be done appropriately to ensure that people around the cranes will not be harmed and injured. Failure to conduct safe crane operations will only lead to damages and accidents.
Two phases of crane operations that must be thought out carefully are rigging and lifting. Crane rigging is the process of preparing the crane components before they carry out the lifting of load. This specific process is followed by the lifting process, which is responsible for moving the load to its intended location. These processes must be conducted according to the lift plan to make sure everything will be done right.
There are basic rigging and lifting guidelines that must be followed by operators and other involved personnel. Some of these guidelines are as follows:
Assess and Inspect the Hardware
From rigging hardware to the lifting slings, all components involved in rigging and lifting phases must all be assessed and inspected first. Any signs of damages such as cracks, stretch, deformation, and others must all be checked and fixed right away. Some components that must be assessed include the shackles, adjustable hardware, compression hardware, links, rings, rigging blocks, and lifting slings.
Match the Working Load Limit
The working load limit of an object determines the maximum mass or force that it can support during the operations. For rigging gear and other components, they must be made from materials with similar working load limit ratings. Shackles, turnbuckles, and hook must all boast similar working load limit rating so they can effectively help the crane carry out its required lifting operations.
Identify the Total Load Weight
Before conducting the lifting operations, operators and other professionals should identify and determine first the total weight of the load. Aside from the objects that are intended to be lifted, the total load weight should also include the weight of the slings, lifting beams, spreader bars, magnets, and other associated crane components. Doing this can help maintain the stability of the whole crane during operations.
Remove Possible Obstructions
Another guideline that must be followed before lifting the load is to remove elements that can obstruct the whole crane operations. The load must be well secured and supported by the rigging components. It must also be free of obstructions, especially once it is being lifted, moved, and lowered. Objects that may hinder the movement of the load and crane components must be removed or relocated to other places.
Check the Surrounding Conditions
Before lifting the load, crane operators and other involved personnel need to check the surrounding conditions first. Cranes cannot work effectively if the surrounding environmental conditions become too extreme. Strong wind, heavy rainfall, and intense heat can all affect the quality of the crane operations negatively. Crane operations must be postponed if these weather conditions occur.
Other aspects of rigging and lifting operations that must be assessed are the crane operators themselves, type of the sling, sling angle, the load’s centre of gravity, and load proximity. If you need professional help with cranes, feel free to reach us at Adz Lift Crane Hire.